To practice righteousness and to act with unbounded arbitrariness–the two are incompatible. Since Pau1’s discussion in Rom. 9-11, especially in Rom. 9, seems to speak of the unbounded arbitrariness of the God who elects and rejects, wringing insights on the theme of “righteousness” from that discussion does not come easy. Not only at first glance, but at the second as well, it is hardly possible to go along with the idea that it is precisely Rom. 9-1 that leads to an undemanding of God’s righteousness. One need not be a superficial type, accustomed merely to cursory reading and to listening only in passing, in order to find contradictions to every conceivable form of righteousness presented in this text and, depressingly, attributed to God.